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Videos uploaded by user “Howcast” for the 2010
How to Teach a Cat to Walk on a Leash
 
02:16
Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more How to Train Your Cat videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405872-How-to-Teach-a-Cat-to-Walk-on-a-Leash Give your indoor cat quality time outside by going for a walk. Step 1: Use a harness and leash Use a small, H-type harness that fits the cat, and a cotton or nylon leash. A harness fits if you can barely get a finger between the cat and the harness. Step 2: Get the cat used to the harness Get the cat used to the harness by putting it on them without buckling it. Tip Put the harness on the cat during playtime when the cat is more likely to be comfortable. Step 3: Reward the cat Reward your cat with plenty of treats and affection. Petting your cat during your training sessions will help your feline friend associate the harness with positive feelings. Step 4: Buckle one loop Continue putting the harness on the cat each day until the cat ignores it. After that, you can buckle one of the harness's loops for 30 seconds. Step 5: Build up to three loops Build up to buckling the entire harness, one loop at a time. The process can take several months. Once your cat is comfortable with the harness completely buckled, let them walk around while wearing it. Step 6: Add the leash Add the leash when your cat is comfortable with the harness. Let them walk around with the leash for as long as it takes to get used to it. Step 7: Go for practice walks Go for practice walks around the house for a few days. Step 8: Go for the first walk Go for a walk when your cat is used to you holding the leash. Let them lead you on the first few walks. Bring treats along for encouragement. Tip Make sure it is quiet outside when you go for your walk. You don't want your cat to get spooked. Step 9: [Tug the leash lightly] Tug the leash lightly to lead the cat on subsequent walks. Step 10: Be patient Be patient. Teaching a cat to walk on a leash takes time. Take the training process day by day, moving on to each step only when your cat is ready. Did You Know? Only 20% of pet cats are adopted from shelters.
Views: 618473 Howcast
How to Type
 
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Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405652-How-to-Type Whether you need to type a resume, a letter, or a bibliography, it can get done fast if you learn how to control the keys efficiently. Step 1: Position your fingers on the keys Position your fingers on the keyboard. Put your left little finger on the "A" and your right little finger on the semicolon. Lay your fingers one at a time on each consecutive key and place your thumbs on the space bar. Tip The F and J keys on most keyboards have small bumps to easily identify where your two pointer fingers should stay without having to look down. Step 2: Learn the left hand keys Learn what fingers control which keys. The left index finger controls the F, G, R, T, 4, 5, V, and B. The left middle finger controls the D, E, 3, and C. The left ring finger controls the S, W, 2, and x. The left little finger controls the A, Q, 1, Z, and shift. Step 3: Learn the right hand keys Learn what keys the fingers on the right hand type. The fingers on the right hand control the same pattern of keys as you learned on the left side. Step 4: Use your thumb Press the space bar with your right thumb. Step 5: Master the shift keys Master the shift keys with your little fingers. Press the shift key while simultaneously pressing the letter of choice to type a capital letter. If the letter is pressed by the right hand, use the left shift key, and vice versa. Step 6: Sit up straight Sit up straight with both feet on the floor. Position your chair and keyboard so your arms are at a 90 degree angle and are parallel to your legs. Keep your elbows next to your body and your head straight. Tip Try not to look down at the keys. Step 7: Practice Practice typing. You can learn for free online by visiting websites with touch typing tutorials. Learning the art of typing will save you tons of time over the hunt and peck method. Did You Know? The letters on old typewriters used to be listed alphabetically. In the late 1800s, Christopher Latham Sholes rearranged the keys to prevent jamming.
Views: 5482398 Howcast
How to Hot-Wire a Car
 
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Watch more Driving & Car Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/273963-How-to-HotWire-a-Car No keys and no help in sight? Here's how to get your car moving again. Warning Hot-wiring a car is dangerous and is likely to damage your vehicle. Never hot-wire anyone's car but yours and be prepared to show your proof of ownership. Step 1: Try a screwdriver Pound a flat-head screwdriver into the ignition and turn it like a key. This will ruin the ignition cylinder, but it's effective on many cars manufactured before the mid '90s. Step 2: Remove the ignition cover If the car doesn't start, pull the screwdriver out of the ignition and remove the screws in the panels on the top and bottom of the steering column. Next, use the flat-head screwdriver to pry off the plastic panels and expose the ignition cylinder and the wires running to it. Be gentle to minimize damage to the steering column. Step 3: Identify the battery and starter wires Identify the battery and starter wires. Generally the two red wires handle the car's power, and the one or two brown wires connect to the starter. Consult your car's manual to learn its specific wire color code. Step 4: Connect the power wires Put on the gloves, and use the cutters to cut the power wires from the cylinder. Then, strip the ends and connect them by twisting them together to provide power to the lights, radio, and other electrical systems. Step 5: Connect the starter wires Cut the starter wires from the cylinder and strip the ends. Be extremely careful not to touch the exposed ends as they carry a powerful live current and will shock you. Touch them together, and as soon as the car has started, pull them apart and tape the ends to avoid getting shocked while driving. Tip If the car has only has one starter wire, touch it to the exposed part of the connected power wires to start the car. Step 6: Deal with additional security Deal with additional security. In some cars the steering-wheel lock's bolt can be pried open by jamming a screwdriver between the top of the steering column and the steering wheel. Tip Newer cars have complex wheel locks and electronic key systems that are nearly impossible to circumvent without tools and in-depth knowledge. Step 7: Turn the car off Turn the car off by separating the power wires from each other. Now it's time to find that extra set of keys and head to the repair shop, pronto. Did You Know? In 2008, vehicle thefts in the U.S. declined for the fifth year in a row.
Views: 4182225 Howcast
How to Survive a Nuclear Terrorist Attack
 
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Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/317493-How-to-Survive-a-Nuclear-Terrorist-Attack You can increase your chances of staying alive if you know how to decrease your exposure to radiation. Step 1: Get potassium iodide Have potassium iodide on hand; you may need it to protect your thyroid from the radioactive iodine fallout of a nuclear event. It is available without a prescription; ask your pharmacist for an FDA-approved brand and dosage guidelines. Tip In the event of an attack, emergency officials may advise people over 40 not to take potassium iodide, since they have the lowest chance of developing thyroid cancer or thyroid injury after exposure to radioactive iodine. Step 2: Go below If an attack is imminent, get indoors and go as far below ground as you can. If that's not possible, seek whatever shelter you can. Step 3: Seal yourself in Once indoors, close all windows and doors and turn off air conditioners, heaters, and other ventilation systems. Step 4: Seal up your car If you can't get to a building, stay inside your car. Close the windows and vents, turn off the heat and A/C, and hold a cloth over your mouth and nose to avoid breathing in radioactive dust and smoke. Step 5: Protect yourself outdoors If you're caught outdoors or very near the blast when it happens, don't look at it or you risk temporary or even permanent blindness. Keep your mouth open so your eardrums don't burst. Don't touch objects thrown by an explosion; they might be radioactive. Step 6: Stay put If you are more than 10 miles from the epicenter of the blast, remain in the shelter for 48 to 72 hours after the blast. Step 7: Get out of Dodge! If you are closer than 10 miles to the epicenter after the explosion, get moving! You have 10 to 20 minutes to get at least a mile away from the mushroom cloud, or you risk lethal radiation poisoning. Tip Be sure to move downwind or perpendicular to the wind. Step 8: Cover up Keep your mouth, nose, and as much of your skin covered as you move away from the blast area.Once you're at a safe distance, take off your clothes; this alone may get rid of up to 80 percent of radioactive dust. Then take a shower, which will further reduce your exposure. Step 9: Get decontaminated Rid your body of radioactive material as soon as possible by reporting to the nearest decontamination center set up in your area. Did You Know? In the film "Godzilla 1985," a Soviet captain tries to launch a nuclear missile at Tokyo after learning that Godzilla is back.
Views: 1114948 Howcast
How to Prepare for a Long Plane Ride
 
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Watch more Flying Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/351391-How-to-Prepare-for-a-Long-Plane-Ride Heed these tips for a comfortable, happy, and healthy flight. Step 1: Pack early Pack essentials, such as medications and passports, a few days before your flight, and completely finish packing the night before. You’ll minimize stress because you won't be rushing around the morning of the flight. Step 2: Pack smart Make sure all essentials are in your carry-on luggage. Fully charge your music player, game player, or laptop and pack books and magazines. Bring your favorite snacks and finger food. Tip Check out the entertainment and food options offered by the airline before you fly. Step 3: Get a good seat Consider upgrading to a better seating class for a particularly long flight. If you check in online up to 24 hours in advance, you often get to choose your seat or change to a better one. Or get to the airport extra early and check for a better seat at the counter and again at the gate. Tip Seats in exits rows and the bulkhead provide the most legroom. Step 4: Tune out Bring along earplugs or noise-reduction headphones to block unwanted noise. An eye mask will shield your eyes from sunlight if you want to sleep during the day. Step 5: Consider coziness Bring a soft travel blanket and neck pillow. Besides being warm and cozy, you won't have to worry about the airline's blanket-cleaning policy. Dress comfortably and bring thick socks to swap for your shoes after take-off. Tip Neck pillows with lavender are said to be calming and reduce headaches. Step 6: Prevent illness Take motion sickness pills or ginger capsules 2 hours before your flight if you're prone to air sickness. Wash your hands, especially before and after eating, and bring hand sanitizer wipes. Tip Wipe down airflow vent and tray tables with sanitized wipes and use a tissue when touching the bathroom door handle. Step 7: Hydrate and move Drink plenty of water before and during your flight to avoid muscle aches and fatigue. Get up, stretch, and move around often to prevent stiffness and deep vein thrombosis. Did You Know? A survey by 3M and the Global Strategy Group found that most Americans would rather get stuck in traffic, go on a blind date, or go to the dentist than sit in the middle seat on a flight.
Views: 1022659 Howcast
How to Study Effectively
 
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Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316183-How-to-Study-Effectively Many people find studying to be a real drag, but if you're going to do it, you may as well do it right. Step 1: Choose the right environment Choose an environment for studying where you will be free from distractions including phone calls, television, or other interruptions. Step 2: Prioritize your studies Prioritize your study materials so that the most important or the hardest is finished first. Step 3: Read for comprehension Read your materials over once for basic comprehension. Don't stress about remembering it all on the first read. Step 4: Read and take notes Read the material again, taking notes and summarizing the main ideas in your own words. Tip Make new material stick by relating it to something you already know or care about. Context and emotion enhance our ability to remember. Step 5: Use you senses Use your senses to assist with learning. When possible, don't just read, but listen to lectures or podcasts, and watch instructional videos. Build a rich understanding of the material. Step 6: Quiz yourself Quiz yourself without the aid of any notes. Write down your answers or speak them aloud. In other words, rehearse for the test. Tip Take a nap after a heavy study session to allow your brain time to rest. Napping after studying can help with recall. Step 7: Test yourself again Test yourself again and again, at different times of the day and week. This "self-testing" will reinforce your studies so that when the real test arrives, you'll be ready. Did You Know? In ancient Greece and Rome, people used the "loci" memorization method, which involves visualizing placing each thing you need to remember in a familiar room or on a familiar road, and picking it up as you take a mental walk around the room or down the road.
Views: 790292 Howcast
How to Hand Train a Bird
 
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Watch more How to Take Care of a Pet Bird videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/9312-How-to-Hand-Train-a-Bird You may not be able to get your parakeet to balance a ball on his beak, but every hook-billed species -- from parakeets to cockatoos -- can be trained to step onto your finger when you tell him to. Step 1: Train only wing-clipped birds Don’t try to take your bird out of his cage unless his wings have been clipped. Step 2: Desensitize bird To get your bird not to flip out when you put your hand into his cage, several times a day insert your hand into the cage and wave it slowly in the bird’s direction. Repeat this daily until the bird gets used to it. Tip Try holding a bird treat when you put your hand into the cage. Once you can get your bird to eat from your hand, you’re well on the way toward establishing 'hand trust.' Step 3: Hold perch or stick For the next two weeks, insert your hand into the cage several times a day--but this time, hold a perch or stick in your hand. Your goal: getting the bird to step onto the perch. Step 4: Trigger “step up” reflex with perch When the bird gets used to the perch in your hand, start getting him to step onto it. Hold it at a right angle to the bird’s body and gently nudge him in the chest. This will trigger his 'step up' reflex. Tip Always say 'Up, up' or 'Step up' when you nudge the bird with the perch. Give him lots of praise when he steps onto it. He’s making progress! Step 5: Replace perch with hand When the bird is comfortable standing on a hand-held perch, you can start training him to stand on your hand alone. During each training session, move your hand farther down the perch -- and closer to the bird. Step 6: Discard perch After a few days, your bird should assume that a perch comes with a hand attached--so now it’s time to up the ante once again. What’s next? That’s right: your hand without the perch. Step 7: Trigger “step up” reflex with hand Moving slowly and smoothly and repeating the 'Up, up' command, nudge the bird in the chest until he has no choice but to step onto your pointer finger to steady himself. Step 8: Repeat Repeat this procedure until the bird has no problem stepping onto your finger and perching there. Step 9: Practice outside of cage Now you and your feathered friend can begin working outside the cage. With the bird perched on your finger, slowly and smoothly bring him out through the cage door. Tip If you have a large bird, a T-stand will be a helpful training tool when working outside the cage. Practice putting the bird onto the T-stand and taking him off again. Step 10: Practice verbal command Practice the 'Up, up' command diligently until the bird knows that he should always step onto your 'finger perch' when you say so. Tip If the bird gets startled and flutters off your hand, calmly follow him to where he lands and nudge him, saying 'Up, up.' Usually, he’ll step right back onto your finger. Step 11: Enlist friends and relatives Encourage your friends and relatives to work with your bird as much as possible. The tamer a bird becomes, the happier his relationship with his human flock will be. Did You Know? Birds in the parrot family have two toes facing forward and two facing backward, to help them hold onto things while they’re climbing.
Views: 1561198 Howcast
How to Study for a Long Time without Getting Bored
 
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Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/413809-How-to-Study-for-a-Long-Time-without-Getting-Bored Facts and figures starting to blend together in a horrible haze? Here's how to keep from getting lost in brain space. Step 1: Eradicate distractions Enter a fortress of solitude -- research shows that low-level distractions can make a task feel boring. Hide your cellphone, tell your online social network to de-friend you instantly if they see you log in, and seal yourself in a quiet room. Tip If you're planning a really long cramming session, break it up with a nap. One study found an hour's worth of shut-eye can increase your ability to focus. Step 2: Embrace your emotions Emotional entanglement distracting you? Admit how you're feeling, even out loud -- those who can identify how they feel often have better focus. Step 3: Engage yourself Don't just take notes; engage with the material creatively. Invent a song about the topic at hand, or recreate historical events and fictional plotlines. It's easier to stay interested when you make the material come alive. Step 4: Take a shower Studied so long you've stopped absorbing material? Take a shower -- the change of pace will stimulate your mind and help refresh your body. Step 5: Make up a challenge Make a game out of your work to stave off boredom. Try to score higher and higher throughout your study session, and be sure to reward your triumphs. You've earned it! Did You Know? In 2009, a study found that nearly 50 percent of college freshmen that drink spent more time drinking than studying.
Views: 1154825 Howcast
How to Babysit an Infant
 
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Watch more Internships and Summer Jobs videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/391352-How-to-Babysit-an-Infant Earning a little extra money babysitting infants can be more fun -- and a lot easier -- than schlepping food at your local diner. Step 1: Ask for contact information Ask the infant's parents for all important contact information, including the pediatrician's number. Determine who to call if the parents are unavailable. Step 2: Locate supplies Locate all of the diaper supplies, bottles, milk, toys, clothing, and burp cloths. Step 3: Ask about bottle warming Ask the parents about their methods for bottle warming and about any feeding schedules they want you to follow. Tip Having a bottle filled and ready for warming will save you time and tears with a hungry infant. Prepare a bottle while the baby is still happy and content. Step 4: Ask about any special needs Ask the parents if the infant has any special needs or health concerns you should be aware of. Step 5: Determine schedule Determine if the infant has a set schedule for naps, feeding times, play time, or medications that you need to follow. Step 6: Ask about sleep habits Ask the parents if their baby has any special routine for sleep time, such as rocking, walking around, singing, or shushing. Tip When putting a baby to sleep, always be sure to lay the baby on his or her back to sleep, and without blankets or pillows surrounding them. Step 7: Follow routine Follow any routine the infant is accustomed to: play with and hold them, change their diaper, talk to the baby, and enjoy spending time with such a precious little person. Did You Know? A newborn baby can only see objects that are around 8 to 15 inches away.
Views: 175363 Howcast
How to Nail a Broadway Audition & Get the Part
 
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Watch more How to Be an Actor videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241659-How-to-Nail-a-Broadway-Audition-and-Get-the-Part Step 1: Go on a lot of auditions Go on as many casting calls as you can. It's the best way to gain experience and confidence. Tip Don't be bashful about re-auditioning for a show that turned you down; people are sometimes hired the second or even third time around. Step 2: Bring a headshot Bring a professional headshot that looks like you in daily life, as opposed to a glammed-up version. Directors and producers don't like it when actors look nothing like their photo. Step 3: Don't go in costume Wear clothes that suggest you have an understanding of the show so the director can envision you in the part. But don't show up in full costume. Tip If it's exclusively a dance audition, just wear your dance clothes. Step 4: Pick the right song If you're auditioning for a musical, pick audition songs that reflect the period or genre of the show – not the show itself. You can prepare a few from the actual show, but only sing them if you're asked to. Sing just 32 bars of a song unless otherwise specified. Tip Have your sheet music organized for the pianist: Mark where the music should start and end, and put it in the right key. Step 5: Rehearse your scene If you're auditioning for a drama, rehearse the "sides" – a few pages from the script that you are provided with in advance of the audition. Bring the pages to the auditioning venue; it's common to hold them while you perform. Step 6: Jump right in At the audition, greet the people judging you and then begin your performance; don't ask them for direction. If you make a mistake, keep going, or ask if you may start again. No one is looking for or expecting perfection. Step 7: Go with the flow If the director asks you to try something different, do it without argument, no matter how terrified or ill-equipped you feel. They are checking to see how well you take direction and how easily you go with the flow. Step 8: Act confident Exude confidence, or at least fake it. After all, you're an actor! Did You Know? Actor Ben Vereen was so impressive at his audition for the play Pippin that the director changed the age of a character to give him the part.
Views: 190550 Howcast
How to Detox Your House with Plants
 
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Watch more Indoor Plants & Container Gardening videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/423067-How-to-Detox-Your-House-with-Plants Everyday household items can emit toxins that are unhealthy to breathe. You can naturally remove these toxins by decorating your home with common houseplants. Step 1: Get a spider plant Get a spider plant to reduce asthma-causing mold. The spider plant grows quickly and throws out long stems that produce small flowers and decorative hanging plantlets. Tip The plantlets, or "babies," produced by the spider plant can be rooted and transplanted to keep throughout your home. Step 2: Grow a peace lily Grow a peace lily, which is a tropical plant with striking white flowers. The peace lily removes acetone, which is commonly used to make plastic and fibers. Acetone is also found in tobacco smoke and car exhaust, which could be present in your home environment. Step 3: Keep a bamboo palm Keep a bamboo palm, also called a reed palm, to remove formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide from the air in your home. Bamboo palms are popular indoor plants because they're tall and narrow, and they thrive in indoor climates. Step 4: Buy a Janet Craig Buy a Janet Craig to absorb gaseous chemicals produced by pressed-wood furniture, plastic bags, computer ink, carpeting, and conventional household cleansers and cosmetics. Step 5: Grow mother-in-law's tongue Grow mother-in-law's tongue, also called a snake plant, to absorb airborne toxins and to act as a natural humidifier. Mother-in-law's tongues are easy to care for and make trouble-free detoxifiers. Step 6: Grow chrysanthemums Grow potted chrysanthemums to absorb toxins like formaldehyde, which is found in plastics, household cleaners, upholstery, clothes, facial tissues, and paper towels. Breathe easy knowing that you're protecting your family and pets while beautifying your home with natural, detoxifying plants. Did You Know? In the late 1960s, Bill Wolverton discovered that swamp plants were eliminating Agent Orange in the local waters near near Eglin Air Force Base.
Views: 272137 Howcast
How to Master Simple Ballroom Dancing
 
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Like these Ballroom Dance Lessons !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1KeNNLG Watch more Ballroom Dancing 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/25175-How-to-Master-Simple-Ballroom-Dancing The pumpkin just turned into a carriage, your glass slippers look fantastic, and the Prince is on his way, but — dammit — you still need to learn how to ballroom dance. Step 1: Get a partner While belly dancing and ballet can be done solo, ballroom dancing is always done in pairs. Ask a friend to help you out. Step 2: Perfect your posture Perfect your posture. Unlike casual dancing, a ballroom dancer doesn’t slouch or lean on their partner. Both the man and the woman must elongate their neck and body. Practice correct posture by standing straight against a wall. Step 3: Position the head Look over each other’s right shoulder. Now imagine you’re the most beautiful person on earth who has just met the other most beautiful person on earth. What’s that feel like? Exactly. Keep that expression throughout the dance. Step 4: Adjust your hand position Hold hands correctly. This means the man’s raised left hand holds the woman’s right hand, palms facing each other. The man’s right hand connects with the woman’s shoulder blade. His hand should be cupped, fingers together. The woman’s left hand should be on the man’s right shoulder, her fingers at the seam of his sleeve. Step 5: Position your body Having the perfect 'closed dance hold' means the woman is just slightly to the right of the man. This way the legs move between each other and the knees don’t hit. Tip When the couple is a man and a woman, the man generally takes the lead. In couples with just one sex, a decision will have to be made. Step 6: Draw a square on the floor Now that you have the basic positioning, learn the basic waltz box step, the most common step in ballroom dances like the rumba, waltz, or foxtrot. Start by taping out a small box on the floor. Step 7: Practice counting Practice counting one, two, three, one, two, three, one, two, three. This will be the essential timing, and the sooner it feels natural, the better. Step 8: Make a box with your feet Practice alone making a box with your feet. To make the first half of the box, step forward with your left foot — which is 'one' — and slide your right foot to meet it and then step to the right (two). Your weight now shifts to the right foot so your left slides to meet it (three). Step 9: Finish the box Now finish the box. Step back with your right foot (one) and slide your left to meet it and then to the left (two). Your weight now shifts to the left foot so your right slides to meet it (three). Tip If you’re in the women’s role, you will step backward to start. Step 10: Practice counting to music Now put it together, doing the box step by yourself in time to your one-two-three counting. Step 11: Practice with a partner Now practice with a partner. Count off five, six, seven, eight before you begin so you’ll both be prepared to start together on one. Tip Dancing is a close contact sport. Make sure your breath is okay before you start. Use a breath freshener. Step 12: Move around the floor After you feel comfortable with the box step, forget confining yourself strictly to the box, and let yourself move more naturally around the floor. Step 13: Start to turn Once you’re able to loosen up while keeping time with the beat, try turning. Turn slightly to the right as you step on one and two; you’ll begin traveling in a circle as you keep your basic box pattern. Step 14: Remember to maintain posture Remember to maintain your posture at all times, keeping your connection points. Stand up straight, Quasimodo! Good ballroom dancers never slouch or disconnect. Step 15: Practice every chance you get Now that you know how to do a basic waltz box step, practice every chance you get. This is just the beginning. Get out there and dance, dance, dance! Did You Know? 'Waltz' comes from the German word 'walzen,' which means to turn or roll.
Views: 1745017 Howcast
How to Survive a Zombie Attack
 
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Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/400092-How-to-Survive-a-Zombie-Attack Army of zombies on the loose? Check out these simple steps to help you survive an encounter with the undead. Step 1: Know your enemy Make sure you're facing an attack from actual zombies. Look for a stiff gait caused by rigor mortis, open wounds from decomposing flesh, and a hunger for human flesh. Step 2: Cover up Cover up to prevent potential zombie bites from turning you into one of them. Wear a mask with holes only for the eyes and mouth, long sleeves, gloves, close-toe shoes, and long pants tucked into your socks. You may look like a fashion victim, but you won't be a zombie victim. Step 3: Amass weapons Find a weapon to use in case you encounter a zombie. Grab a blunt object capable of bashing in undead heads or something to pierce the zombies' skulls -- even reanimated corpses can't survive severe brain injuries. Tip Don't try to reason with zombies -- their brain functions are limited to walking, moaning, and feasting on the living. Step 4: Head indoors Find a secure place to hide. Make sure it's located as far as possible from any graveyards and stocked with canned goods, bottled water, and projectile-firing weapons. Barricade the doors and windows to ensure your survival. Step 5: Fight back Hide out long enough to overcome your fear; then, attack back! Use human-scented objects to lure the zombies to low-lying areas; once they're contained, blast their brains from afar. Continue trapping and killing until all the zombies are dead, and it's eerily quiet enough for you to hear your still-beating heart. Did You Know? A traditional zombie cocktail is made with sugar, fruit juice, and 4 kinds of rum.
Views: 1172957 Howcast
How to Protect Yourself from a Stalker
 
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Watch more Personal Security & Self-Defense videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/292636-How-to-Protect-Yourself-from-a-Stalker Stay one step ahead of your stalker with these safety precautions. Step 1: File a police report Ask your local police if the harassment meets the legal definition of stalking, which varies from state to state. If it does, file a police report so the stalking is on record. In any event, keep records of the harassment and save all evidence of it. Step 2: Consider an order of protection If the stalker is threatening to harm you or has tried to, weigh the pros and cons of getting an order of protection. Most stalkers violate them, but if they do, it will give police a reason to arrest them. Warning Taking out an order of protection may provoke your stalker to more aggressive behavior, so have a safety plan in place before you get one. Step 3: Ignore them Ignore your stalker. If they call, hang up, or set the phone down and let them talk until they hang up. Do not answer their e-mails, texts, or letters. Do not try to reason with them. Assume that any attention you give them will encourage them, and the more you engage with a stalker, the more they'll stalk you. Step 4: Get a P.O. Box Get a post office box for your mail. If you move, don't file a change of address with the post office; tell loved ones directly. Tip If your state has an address confidentiality program, join it. It allows stalking victims to set up a fictitious address to prevent a stalker from gaining access to their address via public records. Step 5: Set up a fraud alert Put a fraud alert on your credit reports by contacting the fraud department of each of the three main credit bureaus – Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. This will help prevent your stalker from harassing you via identify theft because you'll be asked to verify any attempt to take out credit in your name. Step 6: Spread the word Tell everyone in your life – friends, relatives, neighbors, and co-workers – that you are being stalked so they are not tricked into divulging information about you. Step 7: Get help For more information, contact the Stalking Resource Center at 1-800-FYI-CALL or check out their web site at ncvc.org/src. Did You Know? Men are more likely to stalk their exes, while women tend to stalk acquaintances with whom they'd like to have a relationship.
Views: 398568 Howcast
How to Survive a Lightning Storm
 
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Watch more Hurricanes & Storms videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328159-How-to-Survive-a-Lightning-Storm Lightning kills an average of 58 people per year in the United States. Make sure you and your loved ones don't become a statistic. Step 1: Know the warning signs Gauge the danger: If you can hear thunder, you're within striking distance of lightning. Tip Most lightning deaths and injuries occur in the summer. Step 2: Seek shelter Seek shelter in a fully enclosed building; open structures are not safe. Once inside, stay off electronics and corded phones and away from plumbing; lightning can travel through wires and plumbing. Remain indoors until 30 minutes after the thunder ends. Step 3: Get to a car If there is no enclosed building nearby but you have access to a car, get inside it, roll up the windows, and stay off electronic equipment. Step 4: Squat down If you're stuck in an open space, crouch down on the balls of your feet, feet together, to minimize your contact with the ground. Put your hands over your ears to protect yourself from acoustic shock, which can damage hearing. If you're with a group, leave at least 20 feet between each person to decrease the risk of more than one person getting struck. Step 5: Practice water safety Don't take a boat out on the water if a thunderstorm is predicted. If a storm catches you by surprise and you can't get to land, weigh anchor, stay in the cabin, if the boat has one, or crouch as low as possible within the boat. Avoid touching metal and don't use any electronic devices. Step 6: Know how to revive someone If you see someone get hit by lightning, call 911 and then evaluate their condition; you can't get electrocuted by touching them. If they're unconscious but breathing, wait for help. If they're not breathing, start CPR chest compressions and keep going until they regain consciousness or help arrives. Did You Know? You're 30 times more likely to die from a lightning strike than from a shark attack.
Views: 389009 Howcast
How to Get Organized for School
 
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Watch more Back to School videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/408616-How-to-Get-Organized-for-School Being disorganized can affect your ability to concentrate and translate to poor grades. Get organized for school and everything will fall into place. Step 1: Set goals Set realistic goals for getting organized at the beginning of the school year. Plan to be on time, attend classes faithfully, finish your homework before having fun, and study for exams. Step 2: Rise earlier Stick to the schedule by waking up earlier to allow extra time for showering and getting dressed. Put your alarm clock across the room from your bed so you have to get out of bed to shut it off. Tip Go to bed early. There's nothing you need to stay up late for that can't wait until tomorrow. Step 3: Schedule your time Schedule your days and weeks in a color-coded calendar and a day planner so nothing falls through the cracks. Update your to-do lists constantly and prepare for tomorrow today. Step 4: Keep files Clear away clutter and set up an area in your room with everything at hand. Keep files for your classes in an organizer and get in the habit of depositing every paper where it belongs. Step 5: Prioritize Prioritize your homework by finishing assignments that are due in short order while intermittently working on assignments that are due later on. Step 6: Break up work Break study and homework time into small, manageable units with built-in periods of rest. Stick to a schedule that allows for classes, eating, sleeping, study, and relaxation. Include time to review notes before tests and avoid the anxiety that comes with being rushed. Tip Eating properly is crucial to academic performance. It provides the energy necessary to be at your best. Step 7: Plan rewards Reward yourself for achieving your goals. Schedule yourself one day a week when you don't have to think about school. Continually develop these sound habits and you will achieve academic success. Did You Know? In 2007, U.S. students ranked 17th in science and 24th in math among industrialized countries.
Views: 345531 Howcast
How to Care for a Pet Guinea Pig
 
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Cool Top Rated Products for any Small Pet Owner: Super Pet CritterTrail Extreme Challenge Habitat: http://amzn.to/1LLtA3C WARE Small Willow Barbell Chew Toy: http://amzn.to/1JNJRBj United Pet Group Salt Wheel Pet Treat: http://amzn.to/1KrY913 Lixit Assorted Critter Brites Deluxe Water Bottle: http://amzn.to/1EBD5mv Watch more How to Care for Small Pets videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/130206-How-to-Care-for-a-Pet-Guinea-Pig Guinea pigs often squeak with joy when their owners enter a room. How can you resist such welcoming pets? Step 1: Do research Before you actually bring your guinea pig home, do a little research online and in magazines and books. Guinea pigs need more care and attention than you might expect. Step 2: Get company Guinea pigs are social animals—they’d much rather live with another guinea pig or two than by themselves. If you want your little squeaker to be the happiest, get her a friend. Step 3: Consider roommates Female guinea pigs can usually live comfortably together. Male guinea pigs should be from the same litter to reduce grumpiness and fighting. And since guinea pig neutering isn’t widely available, don’t keep males and females in the same pen. Step 4: Give them room Guinea pigs need plenty of space to run around. One guinea pig needs at least four square feet of space—but the roomier, the better. Step 5: Line the cage Guinea pigs’ feet are delicate. Don’t keep them in wire-bottomed cages. Instead, use cages with solid bottoms, and line the cage or pen with newspaper topped with plenty of hay, shredded paper, or recycled pellet-type bedding. Tip A hard-sided children’s wading pool makes a good guinea pig pen. Step 6: Provide lots of hay A guinea pig’s main food source should be fresh, high-quality timothy hay. Feed your piggies as much hay as they’ll eat—they need the fiber, and munching on hay is the best way to keep their teeth from growing too long. Step 7: Give them vitamin C Guinea pigs depend on their owners to provide them with vitamin C. Commercial guinea pig pellets contain the necessary amount of C. Generally, one adult guinea pig needs a ¼ cup of pellets per day. Use fresh pellets, as vitamin C breaks down, and don’t substitute rabbit pellets, which aren’t the same thing. Tip Many guinea pigs think Vitamin C tablets are a treat. Give your piggies a quarter of a tablet once a week, or sprinkle a crushed tablet over their food. Step 8: Give them greens Guinea pigs should also have a handful of varied greens and vegetables each day. Provide those high in vitamin C like kale, dandelion greens, and strips of red pepper. Step 9: Give them water Guinea pigs drink tons of water. Make sure yours have clean, fresh water available at all times. Step 10: Provide hiding places Guinea pigs love having hiding places to play and sleep in. Try empty coffee cans, shoeboxes with holes cut in them, and overturned flowerpots. While guinea pigs like to play, they’re not particularly nimble—offer them balls and low ramps for exercise. Step 11: Let them run free Give your guinea pigs plenty of 'floor time' each day. Let them run around in a space that’s free of wires and other dangers—you don’t want them nibbling on your computer cords! Step 12: Groom your piggies Many guinea pigs love to be brushed. Longhaired guinea pigs should be brushed every day. Step 13: Watch their health Call a small-animal veterinarian if your guinea pigs are sneezing or coughing, have diarrhea, or seem lethargic. A happy, healthy guinea pig can live for up to 10 years, so with good care your little friend will be around for a nice long time. Did You Know? Excited guinea pigs sometimes jump up and down—a behavior called 'popcorning.'
Views: 718755 Howcast
How to Speak Common Italian Phrases
 
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Watch more Learn a Language videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328495-How-to-Speak-Common-Italian-Phrases Learn how to say more than _la dolce vita_ when you visit Italy. Step 1: Say hello Know how to bid people good day, good evening, and good night: Say "Buon giorno" in the morning and early afternoon, "Buona sera" in the late afternoon and evening, and "Buona notte" for good night. Answer the phone with a cheery, "Pronto!" Tip "Ciao" means both "hello" and "goodbye," but only use it with people you know. Step 2: Be polite Be polite: Know how to say "please," "thank you," and "you're welcome" -- "per favore," "grazie," and "prego." Tip If you're really grateful, offer someone a thousand thanks with "Grazie mille." Step 3: Make friends Make friends by knowing how to ask, "What's your name?" Use "Come si chiama?" to be formal, and "Come ti chiami?" in a more casual situation. Respond to introductions with "Nice to meet you" -- "Piacere." Step 4: Ask for help If you need help, ask "Puo aiutarmi?" in a formal setting, or "Puoi aiutarmi?" informally. Locate the bathroom by asking, "Dove si trova il bagno?" Step 5: Buy stuff Find out how much that souvenir will cost you by asking, "How much is it?" -- "Quanto costa?" For the check, say, "Il conto, per favore." Step 6: Flirt To ask someone if you can buy them a drink, say, "Le posso offrire da bere?" To put a pushy suitor in their place, insult their intelligence with "Ma sei scemo!" Now have a good trip! Buon viaggio! Did You Know? In Italian, the letter "h" is always silent.
Views: 167651 Howcast
How to Evaluate a Rental Apartment
 
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Watch more All about Apartment Rentals videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/307277-How-to-Evaluate-a-Rental-Apartment The time to discover peeling paint, creaky floorboards, or that the place was built on a cursed burial ground is before you sign on the dotted line. Step 1: Inspect surroundings Inspect the neighborhood for things that will affect your quality of life inside the apartment. For instance, a restaurant or nightclub. Tip Make your appointment for the weekend, when you can gauge the noise level of your neighbors. It’s hard to know whether the walls are paper-thin if you’re the only one in the building on a weekday. Step 2: Survey for safety Inquire about safety. Ask the landlord a few questions: Does the lobby entrance lock? Have the elevators been inspected recently? Are there smoke and carbon monoxide detectors? Step 3: Sanitation Check the common areas, like stairwells, trash rooms and laundry facilities, to see how clean they are. Tip Look for hidden rodent and cockroach traps to be sure there are no pest problems. Step 4: Check for damage Check the walls for holes or peeling paint. Open and close every single door, drawer, window, and cabinet to make sure they work properly. If there is damage, ask the landlord to make repairs before you move in. Step 5: Test water Run the hot and cold water in every faucet and flush the toilets to ensure that the water pressure is good, and that there are no leaks or slow drains. Step 6: Check electricity Check all electrical fixtures and appliances. Plug an appliance or electronic device into the outlets to make sure you’ll have power. Step 7: Check heat and AC Ask about the heat and air conditioning. Will you have control over these utilities? If so, where are the thermostat and vents? Make sure you know how to use them, and that they work. Tip If you enjoy natural light, check the sun exposure of the apartment to make sure it's not dark and gloomy. Step 8: Get it in writing Put in writing anything that needs to be repaired and have the landlord or leasing agent sign it before you sign a lease. Did You Know? The median rent payment in the U.S. is $755 per month.
Views: 28866 Howcast
How to Create a Phenakistoscope
 
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Watch more Animation Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/148840-How-to-Create-a-Phenakistoscope The phenakistoscope is a predecessor of the flip book, but don't worry: it's easier to make than pronounce. Step 1: Sketch a plan of your animation Plan out your animation with sketches. There should be 8 to 12 steps, each representing a frame. Tip The best animations for a phenakistoscope are cyclical, like a horse galloping or a child jumping rope. Step 2: Draw a circle Anchor your compass point in the center of the stiff paper and draw a circle that just touches the edges. Leave a small mark where the compass is anchored. Tip If you’re using a manila folder, cut it along the crease and use half of it as the stiff paper. Step 3: Bisect the circle Use the ruler to draw a faint line that bisects the circle. Step 4: Divide the circle into pieces Use the protractor to divide the circle into equally-sized 'wedges,' with each wedge representing a frame in your animation. Tip To divide the circle into eight wedges, each piece should be 45 degrees. For 9 wedges, 40 degrees; 10 wedges, 36 degrees; 11 wedges, 33 degrees; and 12 wedges, 30 degrees. Step 5: Cut out the circle Cut out the whole circle. Step 6: Cut slots Cut small rectangular slots about 1/8th inch wide by 1 inch long along the separating lines of each wedge. Start at the very outside of the circle and cut inward. Step 7: Make a small hole Poke a small hole through the center of the wheel, or slightly widen the one that is already there. Step 8: Repeat on drawing paper Repeat Steps 2 through 5 on the drawing paper, but make this circle 2 inches smaller in diameter. Step 9: Draw your animation On the drawing paper circle, create your animation step-by-step, clockwise around the circle. This is your animation wheel. Step 10: Align and cement the animation wheel With a small dabs of rubber cement on the back, align the animation wheel so that it is centered on the thick paper wheel. Allow 10 minutes for the rubber cement to dry. Tip The smaller wheel should come about to the slots you cut in Step 7. Step 11: Poke the thumbtack Poke the thumbtack through the animation wheel and the hole you created in the heavy paper… Step 12: Push the thumbtack into the eraser Push the thumbtack into the side of the pencil eraser. It should be in firmly enough to stick, but still loose enough for you to be able to spin the wheel freely. Step 13: Face the mirror Face the mirror, then hold your phenakistoscope up with the animated side pointed away from you. Step 14: Spin the phenakistoscope Gently spin the phenakistoscope while looking through the slits. The animation will appear in the mirror. Did You Know? The phenakistoscope was invented in 1832 by the Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau.
Views: 199940 Howcast
How to Protect Children from Kidnappers
 
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Watch more Children's Health & Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/404977-How-to-Protect-Children-from-Kidnappers It's every parent's worst nightmare. Make sure you and your kids are street savvy by reviewing these precautions. Step 1: Don't advertise their name Don't let your children wear or carry anything that has their name on it. Child predators sometimes use this information to trick children into thinking that they know them. Step 2: Don't restrict warning to strangers Don't just warn children about talking to strangers; abductors may befriend a child in anticipation of snatching them, so tell your children not to go off with anyone except their adult relatives. Teach them to yell, "This is not my parent!" Otherwise, bystanders may mistake an attempted abduction for a parent-child spat. Tip Have a family code word and teach children not to go with anyone who doesn't know it. Step 3: Prepare them for an abduction attempt Teach your children that if anyone tries to grab them, they should make a scene, even if they are threatened. Tell them to scream as loud as they can and fight back with all their might. Tip Teach children to "yell if you're told not to yell; tell if you're told not to tell." Step 4: Make their shoes distinctive Make their shoes distinctive. Kidnappers may change a child's clothes and cut or dye their hair, but they rarely think to replace their shoes. Also, always know what your children are wearing when they leave the house and be up to date on their height and weight. Step 5: Warn about adults needing help Warn children to run away from strangers who ask for their help. This is a common ploy abductors use to get a child to go somewhere with them. Step 6: Carry current photos Keep a current photo of your children on you. It will save precious time if the worst happens and your child is abducted. Did You Know? A study of attempted child abductions found that in 84 percent of the cases, the child escaped thanks to their own actions, with 35 percent actively resisting and 49 percent running away.
Views: 436813 Howcast
How to Tie a Cherry Stem In a Knot with Your Tongue
 
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Watch more Party Games & Tricks videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217083-How-to-Tie-a-Cherry-Stem-In-a-Knot-with-Your-Tongue Tying a cherry stem into a knot using only your teeth and tongue is a fun skill to have. And it's actually quite easy. Step 1: Show stem to audience Demonstrate to your audience the cherry stem is not already in a knot before placing it in your mouth. Tip A maraschino cherry works better than a fresh one, because its stem has been soaked in liquid, making it easier to manipulate. Step 2: Soften stem Soften the cherry stem with your saliva for a few seconds. Tip You may want to bend the stem a few times or gently chew it to further soften it before attempting to knot it. Step 3: Push down middle of stem Push down on the middle of the stem with the tip of your tongue, so that it bends upward into a "U." Step 4: Form an "X" Using the back of your front teeth as a stabilizer, cross one end of the stem over the other, forming an "X." Step 5: Hold in place & push loop upwards Hold one end of the "X" in place with your teeth while pushing the loop upwards with your tongue towards the free end of the "X." Step 6: Push free end through loop Push the free end of the "X" through the loop using the bottom edge of your available front tooth. Step 7: Release end of stem Once the tip of the stem is through the loop, release the other end of the stem from your teeth. Step 8: Position stem Now position the stem so that the loop is flat against your four front teeth and the tip that is through the loop is pointing out. Step 9: Push end further through loop Push the end of the stem further through the loop until you can't push anymore. Tip If you can't get the knot very tight, use a little sleight of hand as you remove it from your mouth, holding one end with your teeth as you pull on the other end. Step 10: Show it off Voila--you're done! Now put the knot in the palm of your hand and show it off! Did You Know? After actress Sherilyn Fenn pretended to tie a cherry stem with her tongue on the TV show Twin Peaks, co-star Madchen Amick showed the cast and crew that she could actually do it!
Views: 2080851 Howcast
How to Choose the Best Location for Your Birdcage
 
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Watch more How to Take Care of a Pet Bird videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217395-How-to-Choose-the-Best-Location-for-Your-Birdcage Your bird needs more than just a great cage. Like any family member, she needs a place to hang out with the family as well as a little privacy. After all, she’s part of the flock! Step 1: Entertain First and foremost, your bird needs company. The cage should be placed where you and your family or friends are likely to hang out most of the time--the family room, the living room, or near the kitchen. Tip Birds are tremendously vulnerable to fumes. An overheated non-stick surface--a non-stick pan, a toaster oven, even an iron or ironing board--can kill a bird. So never put a birdcage directly in the kitchen or near where you’ll be ironing. Step 2: Avoid hectic areas Although the cage should be in a well-trafficked part of the home, it shouldn’t be anywhere that’s extremely busy. For example, keep the cage out of a front hall where people rush in and out and the door keeps slamming. Tip Some birds get freaked out if their cage is placed under a noisy kids’ bedroom, or under a room where music is often played loudly. Step 3: Place cage near natural light Your feathered friend’s cage should be exposed to plenty of natural light. However, most bird experts agree that it’s stressful for a bird to have her cage directly in front of a window. Tip If the cage can’t be set up near a source of good natural light, set up a timed full-spectrum lamp near the cage. The timer should be set to keep the light on for 12 to 14 hours a day. Step 4: Put back of cage against wall Ideally, the back of the cage should be against a wall. Your bird will feel more secure and less exposed that way. Step 5: Elevate cage And speaking of security, a birdcage should not sit directly on the floor. Birds need to feel they can see what’s going on in a room. Unless the cage has legs, set it on a cage stand or a table. Step 6: Avoid temperature extremes Keep the cage away from the blast of a heating vent or an air conditioner. Birds can handle the occasional draft, but not a constant hot or cold breeze in their faces. Step 7: Keep cage free of chewable objects If your bird’s a nibbler, keep the cage away from shelves where the bird can reach through the bars and grab your stuff. You want her playing with her own toys, not your antique linens or the phone cord. Step 8: Get acquainted Found a home for your bird’s home? Great! Now you and she can settle down to get acquainted. If she’s a talker, she may be asking you what’s for dinner before long. Did You Know? Many birds love having a 'snuggly,' such as a soft cotton ring or a little fleece blanket, to cuddle up with.
Views: 255156 Howcast
How to Pick Any Padlock or Combination Lock
 
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Watch more Home Security & Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218072-How-to-Pick-Any-Padlock-or-Combination-Lock Forgot the key – or combination – to your lock again? No worries; we're going to help you pick that padlock without breaking it. Warning Working with sharp objects and cut aluminum is dangerous. Use extreme caution. Step 1: Cut off the ends Using a straight-edge razor, carefully cut the top and bottom off an aluminum soda can. Step 2: Slice from top to bottom Cut the can from top to bottom using the scissors, and then fold the aluminum down so you have a flat sheet. Trim the edges so they are straight. Step 3: Mark rectangles Using a marker, draw rectangles on the silver side of the aluminum sheet that are 1 ½ by 2 ½ inches, and cut one of them out. Step 4: Quarter one strip Take one of the strips, draw a vertical centerline across the middle, and mark the strip horizontally into four equal sections. Step 5: Draw an "M" Draw an "M" whose top reaches the halfway point of the middle line and whose sides are about a quarter of the way in on each side. But instead of the center of the "M" looking like a "V," round the bottom so it looks like a "U." Step 6: Cut out the triangles Using scissors, cut out the M with the rounded middle tip that you drew. Fold the top quarter down to the middle of the rectangle, and the two legs of the "M" up from the bottom so that they cover the piece of metal you've just folded down. Step 7: Roll the center Find something the approximate circumference of your padlock shackle, like a pen or marker, and wrap the shim (the "U" shape) around it, shaping it to fit into the narrow space between the shackle and the lock. Fold back the wings. Step 8: Pick the lock Using the wings as handles, wrap the cylinder part of the lock pick around the shackle and insert the curved part in the space between the lock and shackle. Maneuver it around until the lock pops. Did You Know? There are lock-picking clubs all over the world devoted to the hobby of picking locks for sport.
Views: 1542403 Howcast
How to Improve Your Test Scores
 
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Watch more How to Ace Standardized Tests videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/6636-How-to-Improve-Your-Test-Scores Studying is just one of the things you can do to get good grades. Here are some scientifically proven ways to ace your tests. Step 1: Go to bed early Go to bed early the night before. Sleeping only six hours instead of eight increases levels of the stress hormone cortisol by 50%, and sleep- deprived people score 30% lower on memory tests. Tip Study right before you turn in. Research shows we remember things better that way, because the act of sleeping 'locks' the information in our brain. Step 2: Eat breakfast Don’t skip the corn flakes. Students who eat breakfast score higher on tests and report less test-related anxiety. Best bets? Eggs for brain-boosting choline, and oatmeal for a calming increase in serotonin levels. Tip After your healthy breakfast, treat yourself with a little dark chocolate. It boosts memory, alertness, and concentration, and its special chemicals even decrease anxiety. Step 3: Visualize success Imagine acing the test. Sounds crazy, but visualizing success, like a term paper marked 'A,' stimulates the alpha waves associated with relaxation, making you less likely to choke during the exam. Tip Stuck on a question? Go with your gut. Your first hunch is almost always the right one! Step 4: Chew gum Pop a stick of gum. In one British study, the act of chewing was found to activate the hippocampus, the brain area responsible for memory, improving recall by 35%. Tip Go for peppermint or spearmint flavors: Mint scents increase alertness, leading to fewer mistakes. Step 5: Use acupressure Use this acupressure trick: Press the spot on your wrist about two thumb widths down from the base of the palm. Acupuncturists believe this signals the heart to slow to a more soothing rhythm. Tip Put a bit of fresh rosemary in your pocket on test day—it’s a proven memory booster! In fact, in ancient Greece, students wore sprigs of rosemary in their hair on exam day. Step 6: Drink water Bring a bottle of water with you to the test. Even the slightest dip in hydration levels can lead to stress, memory loss, and a drop in mental functioning. Step 7: Take deep breaths If you feel anxious during the test, take a deep breath. Breathe into your belly, not your chest; count to 10 as you inhale and 10 as you exhale. This helps you focus and lowers stress hormones in seconds. Did You Know? Most multiple-choice answers are B and C, and on true/false tests, there are usually more trues than falses.
Views: 143615 Howcast
How to Use Hand Signals on a Bicycle
 
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Shift into a Higher Gear with these Assets for Cyclists Turbospoke Bicycle Exhaust System: http://amzn.to/1Fdha4X Raskullz Cat Helmet: http://amzn.to/1gpc6i8 Sunlite Squeeze Horns: http://amzn.to/1NBvjvR Camelbak Men's M.U.L.E. Hydration Pack: http://amzn.to/1Kl9ZUp LED Cycling Flash Taillight: http://amzn.to/1NBxf7j Lightweight Bicycle Mirror: http://amzn.to/1OcXAst Watch more Bike Riding Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/183189-How-to-Use-Hand-Signals-on-a-Bicycle Step 1: Prepare to turn left Learn how to signal a left turn. About 50 yards before the turn, take your left hand off the handlebars and extend it to the left, perpendicular to your body. Tip These signals apply to countries where motorists and cyclists drive on the right side of the road. For countries that use the left side of the road, check with local cycling organizations or direct.gov.uk. Step 2: Turn left Hold your hand open and point it in the direction you're turning. Keeping your arm extended, start riding from the right shoulder of the street to the left side of the lane. Once you reach the intersection, turn left. Tip Don't assume that cars behind you have noticed your hand signal. Always glance backwards quickly before you initiate your turn to check for traffic. Step 3: Turn right Know how to signal a right turn. About 25 yards before you turn right, raise your left hand with the elbow bent 90 degrees, your hand pointing skyward, and your left arm forming an "L." Check for traffic before entering the intersection to turn. Tip It's also acceptable to extend your right arm perpendicular to your body to signal a right turn. Step 4: Stop Learn the signal for a stop. About 50 yards before you come to a stop, raise your left elbow until it is perpendicular to your body. Point your fingers down to the pavement, palm facing the traffic or riders behind you, so your arm forms a reverse "7." Hold this position until you come to a stop. Step 5: Signal for a group Know the signal for a group of riders. If you are riding with a group behind you, signal drivers in front of you by raising your left hand straight above your head, palm forward. Did You Know? Drivers and motorcyclists whose turn signals and brake lights aren't working can also use the same signals.
Views: 74793 Howcast
How to Understand the 3 Branches of Government
 
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Watch more Politics 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/415771-How-to-Understand-the-3-Branches-of-Government To make sure that no ruling body has absolute power, the Constitution splits government into three branches. Understand both their independent duties as well as their interactions. Step 1: Understand the legislative branch Become familiar with the legislative branch. Congress is split into the Senate and House of Representatives: these 2 bodies are responsible for writing and passing bills. Tip Every state has 2 senators, while the number of members per state in the House of Representatives is based on state population. Step 2: Recognize the executive powers Recognize the powers of the executive branch, which includes the President, Vice President, and Cabinet. In addition to having veto power on laws passed by Congress, the President is head of the military and responsible for making treaties with foreign countries. However, all treaties and declarations of war must be approved by Congress. Step 3: Know the judicial branch's duties Review the function of the judicial branch, America's federal court system. The Supreme Court in charge of establishing lower federal courts, and settling disputes over the application of federal laws to make sure all laws are constitutional. The 9 justices of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President but must be approved by Congress. Tip All Supreme Court justices serve on the Court for life unless they resign, retire, or are removed by Congress. Step 4: Check your checks and balances Recognize how the branches interact with and depend on each other. Each branch can check the power of the other branches so that power is distributed evenly, a system known as 'checks and balances'. The separation of power as well as this system of checks and balances is what makes our country run smoothly. Did You Know? Congress has denied the President's request to declare war only twice, once in 1815 and once in 1999.
Views: 120207 Howcast
How to Transform a Room into a Camera Obscura
 
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Watch more How to Do Fun Tech & Science Projects videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/387145-How-to-Transform-a-Room-into-a-Camera-Obscura A camera obscura, also known as a pinhole camera, is the concept that made modern-day photography possible. Now use the same principal to turn a whole room into a walk-in camera! Step 1: Find a room Find a room that has a window with a decent view. Look for a blank wall opposite the window, since that's where the picture will be projected. If it's not blank, hang a white sheet on the wall. Step 2: Create the lens Unscrew the ring from the top of the flashlight and remove the lens. Place the ring in the middle of the sheet of poster board, and cut a hole around it. Then, tape the ring to the cardboard with duct tape. This will be the lens for the camera obscura. Step 3: Prepare the room Tape the remaining poster board over the window, overlapping if necessary. Leave an area uncovered in the middle of the window for the lens. Step 4: Add the lens Tape the lens backing to the window with duct tape. The window should now be completely covered, and aside from the lens hole, there should be no light passing through. Step 5: Darken the room Turn off all lights in the room and close the door so that the only light entering the room is from the camera lens. After a few minutes, your eyes will adjust to the dark, and an image should appear on the wall opposite the window. Tip You may need to place a blanket under the door to block out any extra light. Step 6: View the image You should now see an upside-down image of the outside world projected onto the wall. Why? Since light rays travel in a straight line, they hit the objects outside, pass through the small opening of the lens, and transmit an upside-down image of the objects on the opposite wall. This is the same method cameras use to capture images. Step 7: Capture your creation Unless you want to cover your entire wall in photographic paper, you'll need a way to capture what you see. Grab a camera with an adjustable exposure setting and set the exposure to around 30 seconds, which is ideal for low-light photographs. Take a moment to marvel at your contraption; it's not every day that you get to walk inside a camera! Did You Know? The first digital camera offered to the general public went on sale in 1990, cost $995, and took grayscale photos.
Views: 127069 Howcast
How to Make a Custom Dress Form
 
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Like these Sewing Projects !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1OhIzDE Watch more Easy Sewing Projects videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/268751-How-to-Make-a-Custom-Dress-Form You can sew clothing for your specific measurements by customizing a dress form that will ensure a quality fit. Step 1: Wear the T-shirt Pull on the long T-shirt, which should hang at about knee-length. Have your friend wrap duct tape horizontally around the shirt, starting at the bottom, snug at your thighs and hips, but loose around your waist. Step 2: Allow for breasts Use smaller strips of tape to cover your bust, since shorter pieces of tape reflect bust contours better. Lay the strips in different directions in an outward radius from the center of the bust area. Tip Wrap plastic around your neck to protect it from being taped. Step 3: Fold around neck and arms Fold the tape around your neckline and armholes. Step 4: Add layers Add a second layer, vertically, using strips and pressing out wrinkles at the waist. Then wrap once more horizontally. Tip Stand straight and face forward the whole time to create a consistent body model. Step 5: Mark waist and middle line Mark the waistline with the marking pen so that you can locate it later. Mark the midline of your abdomen using the plumb bob hung from the middle of your throat. Step 6: Cut the form Lie face down and have your friend cut the form along your spine in a jagged pattern. Step out of the form and tape the back closed, ensuring the body form won't be skewed and the midline remains centered. Tip Use a pole attached to a stand to set the form on while working. Step 7: Fill the form Fill the form with poly batting, sealing the bottom with a cardboard cutout. Step 8: Fill, sand, cover Fill the cavity with polyurethane spray foam, sand the model, and cover it with the knit fabric. Did You Know? Did you know? At the beginning of the 19th century, 75 percent of all women's clothing was homemade.
Views: 106039 Howcast
How to Ace an Interview with Your Body Language
 
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Watch more How to Ace Job Interviews videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/418753-How-to-Ace-an-Interview-with-Your-Body-Language Watch that posture! When it comes to first impressions, your body language goes a long way in conveying confidence and competence. Learning how to carry yourself during a job interview may mean the difference between being written off and being remembered. Step 1: Deliver the handshake Walk in, make eye contact, and deliver a handshake with a firm grip, looking your interviewer right in the eye. Confident body language suggests you are the perfect candidate for the job. Step 2: Sit up straight Sit up straight with your feet firmly on the floor. Don't rock, drum fingers, glance around, or shake your foot. Slumping, fidgeting, or apparent impatience comes off as low self-esteem, or worse, disinterest. Step 3: Connect with them Connect with your interviewer. Nod, use your hands while talking, and be enthusiastic without overdoing it to the point of distraction or insincerity. Step 4: Enunciate clearly Enunciate clearly, taking time to consider questions. Convey the sincerity they can expect you to bring to the job. Speak slowly, deliberately, with resonance and confidence. Step 5: Smile and relax Smile once in a while. Be personable and feel free to ask questions, taking control so that the interview becomes a relaxed conversation. Tip Mirror the interviewer's body language, which is known as a joining technique. If their arms and/or legs are crossed, or closed, do the same. If they move their hands when they speak, they're considered open. Step 6: Walk out head up Walk out with purpose and strength. No matter how you feel you've done, leave with your head held high. Did You Know? From 2006 through 2008, the number of Americans receiving outplacement support after a layoff increased by 50 percent.
Views: 105052 Howcast
How to Avoid Static Electricity
 
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Watch more Stains & Laundry videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/307292-How-to-Avoid-Static-Electricity Reduce your chances of getting a nasty shock that's not just annoying, but potentially dangerous. Step 1: Wear cotton Wear clothes made from cotton and other natural fibers, which are low-static materials. Step 2: Go barefoot Wear leather-soled shoes or go barefoot if you're getting shocked indoors. Synthetic-fiber, rugs and rubber shoe soles can react to create static electricity. Step 3: Touch nonconductive material Touch nonconductive material to reduce static buildup, including wood or concrete. Touching metal, water, or another person when your body is highly charged has the opposite effect and may give you a shock. Step 4: Use a humidifier Use a humidifier or put out a bowl of water in very dry rooms. Static charge build-up is enhanced when the air is dry. Step 5: Use dryer sheets Rub your car seats or upholstered furniture with dryer sheets if static is a problem there. Step 6: Touch door frame Avoid potentially dangerous shocks while pumping gas by touching the vehicle's metal doorframe before you get out of the car. Hold the metal until you are completely out of the car. Tip Don't re-enter the car while fueling. If you must, discharge static again before touching the pump. Step 7: Use your key Touch a key to another metal object to painlessly discharge build up before you touch anything with your hands. Did You Know? After removing a hat, hairs receive the same positive charge, which repel each other, causing hair to stand up.
Views: 145053 Howcast
How to Take Minutes at a Business Meeting
 
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Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/383493-How-to-Take-Minutes-at-a-Business-Meeting If you work in a business environment, the time is going to come when you will be asked to take minutes at a meeting. Impress your colleagues by already knowing how by following these steps. Step 1: Bring a notebook Bring a notebook to the meeting with you. If you will be writing minutes often, you may want to buy a good notebook to keep your minutes in rather than a cheap one. Tip If you have a laptop, you should use it to save time later. Step 2: Send around a sign in sheet Create a simple sign-in sheet that has columns for name and contact information and pass it around. You will be able to refer to this record in order to document attendance. Tip Find out who was supposed to be there and make sure you include the people who did not attend in the minutes under regrets. Step 3: Begin note-taking Begin note-taking by noting the date of the meeting and the time the meeting was called to order. Step 4: Record old business Record old business, which is anything that needed a follow up from the last meeting. Note anything that was done or not done and by whom. Step 5: Record new business Record new business. For example, when someone has an issue to address they will make a motion. Note exactly what they said along with who seconded the motion and whether or not the motion passed. Step 6: Finish notes Write down any action items or things specific participants agreed to do, but don't transcribe word for word debates or discussions. End the notes with the time the meeting adjourned and the date of the next meeting. Step 7: Type and distribute Type up the minutes as soon as possible after the meeting so it's fresh in your mind. Once you have typed them, distribute them to members for review and approval at the next meeting. Did You Know? During one day, there is an average of 17 million meetings in America.
Views: 213679 Howcast
How to Clean Your Braces
 
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Watch more How to Have Good Oral Hygiene videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/206-How-to-Clean-Your-Braces Just imagine: your orthodontist finally removes your braces and holds up the mirror to reveal perfectly straight teeth...filled with cavities! Don't let this nightmare happen to you, clean your braces care. Step 1: Consult orthodontist Consult your orthodontist for any specific brushing and flossing instructions, as well products recommendations. Step 2: Remove rubber bands If you use rubber bands, remove them from your braces before you brush. Step 3: Brush often Brush your teeth at least four times a day, and after every meal, with a soft bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Tip Be sure to get a new toothbrush every three months--braces have a tendency to wear brushes down quickly. Step 4: Brush in circles Brush in small circles, wiggling the brush around the contours and crevices of the braces, spending about 10-15 seconds on each tooth. Step 5: Brush all over Brush your gums, the roof of your mouth, and the inside of your cheeks. Tip You can also try an inter-proximal brush, which looks sort of like a pipe cleaner and helps you remove plaque from difficult-to-reach areas. Step 6: Rinse mouth Rinse your mouth thoroughly with mouthwash or water after brushing. Step 7: Floss Floss at least once a day with 18 inches of waxed floss. Tip Using a floss threader might make this process easier. Step 8: Thread floss Thread the floss under the main wire and between two teeth. Step 9: Floss up & down Move the floss up and down along the sides of each of the teeth. Step 10: Continue flossing Continue threading and flossing until you've cleaned between each tooth and behind the last tooth. Step 11: Rinse mouth again Rinse your mouth again with mouthwash or water. Step 12: Replace rubber bands Replace any rubber bands, and remind yourself that one day this all be history--and you'll have beautiful teeth to show for it. Did You Know? Think braces are pricey now? At the turn of the 19th century they were made from silver, platinum and fourteen- to eighteen-karat gold.
Views: 188516 Howcast
How to Play War
 
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Watch more How to Play Card Games videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/180986-How-to-Play-War Not only is War a great way to pass the time with a friend, but it's so easy to learn that both children and adults can play. Step 1: Deal the cards Shuffle the deck and deal 26 cards to each player. Keep your cards face down and do not look at them. Step 2: Flip the top card Flip your top cards over at the same time. The card with the higher value wins, and the winner takes both cards, placing them face up at the bottom of their pile. Cards are ranked with the ace as the highest and two as the lowest. Step 3: Continue playing Continue flipping. When you reach the cards that are face up, shuffle your cards and start at the top. Step 4: Declare war If you flip two cards of equal value, war begins. Both players take a card from the top of their pile and set it face down on top of the first card, then take a third card and flip it face up. The player whose up card has the higher value wins all six cards. Tip There is no winning strategy for War; the game is based on chance. Step 5: Continue the war If the two new cards are also a tie, war is declared again and the process repeats until one of the players has a card of higher value. The first player to capture all 52 of the cards wins. Did You Know? European playing cards date back to 1377 and may have originated in China.
Views: 303786 Howcast
How to Outsmart Your Kids with Child Psychology
 
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Watch more How to Instill Good Values in Kids videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/292652-How-to-Outsmart-Your-Kids-with-Child-Psychology Are your children running the household? Take back control with these sneaky strategies from parenting experts. Step 1: Rephrase negatives into positives Instead of telling your child what not to do, tell them what they should do; this plants the correct action in their head. For example, saying, "Look both ways before you cross the street!" is more effective than saying, "Don't run into the street without looking!" Step 2: Limit their choices When you want your child to do something they may not want to do, provide a few choices. Children – like adults – tend to be more cooperative if they feel they have some control. Plus, it removes the option of refusal because you haven't asked something that can be answered with "yes" or "no." Step 3: Use reverse psychology Use reverse psychology by forbidding them to do something you want them to do. Tip Reverse psychology works best on children under age seven. Step 4: Challenge them Turn commands into challenges, as in, "I bet you can't eat all that broccoli." Step 5: Add a silly element Add a silly element to a request, like, "Hey, why don't you hop around and whistle while you put away your toys?" They'll likely be so busy focusing on the nonsense part they'll forget to give you a hard time. Step 6: Break their bad habit Break their bad habit. Put money in a jar, telling them you will remove a certain amount each time they engage in the offensive conduct. After four weeks – the amount of time psychologists say it takes to break a habit – they may keep whatever is in the jar. It gives them incentive to break the habit, and teaches them that actions have consequences. Tip Never use a bribe jar to get a child to eat something; it will send the message that there are "good" and "bad" foods. Step 7: Stay calm Remain calm when your child acts up – especially if you usually get emotional. A cool demeanor can be more effective than yelling and screaming, which many children – especially teenagers – tend to tune out. Did You Know? The percentage of parents who believe in spanking dropped from 94 percent in 1968 to 61 percent in 2004, according to one study.
Views: 211194 Howcast
How to Organize a Desk
 
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Watch more Closets, Storage & Organizers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/5198-How-to-Organize-a-Desk Does your desk look like a robber rifled through it just before a hurricane hit the room? Organize it so that it gets under control and stays that way. Step 1: Remove everything Take everything—except big items like computer equipment—off and out of your desk. Step 2: Clean it Wipe the desk down with a wet cloth. Step 3: Toss it Toss everything that is useless or outdated. Pitch pens that don’t work. You only need to keep credit card receipts until your statements arrive—and keep only the statements you’ll need for your taxes. Same for bills, invoices, and pay stubs. Shred or rip up anything that has personal data. Tip Reduce your paperwork by half by signing up for online banking and bill paying. Step 4: Take all the business cards you’ve collected and put a rubber band around them—after noting the information you need in your address book. Step 5: Decide on a system Start a filing system based on whatever works for you, even if it’s just dropping papers into an accordion file by the month. Step 6: Group like items Put similar items, like paper clips and rubber bands, in small boxes or containers. Pens, pencils, and the like can go in a mug or pen holder. Step 7: Take 10 minutes Take ten minutes at the end of every day to clean off the top of your desk. Did You Know? The average desk has 400 times more bacteria than your average toilet.
Views: 241426 Howcast
How to Be a Renaissance Man
 
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Watch more Man Up: Your Guide to Masculine Pursuits videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328479-How-to-Be-a-Renaissance-Man Jack-of-all-trades, master of none? Think again. Unleash your inner polymath with these tips. Step 1: Learn the lore Learn the lore. In Europe, beginning in the 14th century, the idea that man is limitless in his capacity for development took hold, leading people like Leonardo da Vinci, a famous Renaissance man, to pursue excellence in everything from science to physical development to painting and sculpting. Tip You don't have to be a man to be multi-talented. Hildegard of Bingen was a 12th-century German composer, writer, nun, and political adviser! Step 2: Hit the books Hit the books. Develop expertise in a variety of subjects by taking time each day to study material that pushes your intellectual limits. Tip Resist the urge to specialize in one particular field. Breakthroughs often come from Renaissance men because of their unique, well-rounded perspectives. Step 3: Invent something To call yourself a Renaissance man you've got to do things, not just think about them. Take a cue from Ben Franklin, thinker and inventor, and make a contribution to science, or build something. Step 4: Master the arts Delve into the arts. The greatest minds in history painted, composed poetry, and wrote books in addition to their other accomplishments. Step 5: Get physical Just because you're a bookworm doesn't mean you can neglect your body. Many Renaissance men boasted of their physical prowess or were famous athletes. Step 6: Devote your life to the common good Live a life that's centered on service and the common good. Polymaths from Galileo to Thomas Jefferson all shared their talents and abilities in an effort to make the world a better place. Did You Know? Casanova, the famous womanizer, was a Renaissance man. He excelled in law, mathematics, music, philosophy, theology, and writing.
Views: 22346 Howcast
How to Make a Time Capsule
 
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Watch more Great Craft Ideas videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/354335-How-to-Make-a-Time-Capsule Create a snapshot of your life to review later or show tomorrow's adults and kids how we live today with this fun and educational project. Step 1: Set a retrieval date Set a retrieval date 10 to 50 years from the time of storage, when the capsule will be recovered. Or, you can leave it longer for future generations to open. Step 2: Choose a container Choose a container. For a time capsule to be retrieved after 25 years or less, use a metal lunchbox and seal the lid shut with epoxy glue. For a 50-year time capsule, use a small waterproof safe. For recovery after 100 years or more, find a professional quality capsule by searching online. Step 3: Pick items Pick items for storage that are representative of your everyday life, along with a few things that document current events like newspaper clippings and photos. For information stored on digital media, include a means to access it. Tip Enlist friends and family to contribute items. Step 4: Secure items for storage Secure items for storage by sealing them in individual polyethylene bags. Step 5: Find a location Find a location where the capsule won't be disturbed. Consider storing it in an attic or a basement for safekeeping or burying it by a well-known landmark. Tip You can mark the site with a plaque that gives instructions on when the capsule is to be retrieved. Step 6: Have a sealing ceremony Have a sealing ceremony. Invite friends and neighbors to examine the capsule and its contents and observe it being sealed and stored. Step 7: Register your time capsule Go online and register your project with the International Time Capsule Society to make sure it isn't forgotten. Now sit back and count the days until you see your time-traveling treasure again, or enjoy that knowledge that you've given the distant future a glimpse into the past. Did You Know? The city of Corona, California misplaced a series of 17 time capsules dating back to the 1930s, resulting in a botched attempt to find them under the city's civic center in 1985.
Views: 100705 Howcast
How to Become an Emancipated Minor
 
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Watch more How to Improve Family Relationships videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/258227-How-to-Become-an-Emancipated-Minor If you are under 18 and are ready for independence, emancipate yourself with help from these tips. Step 1: Check state laws Check the law in your state to see if it allows emancipation. Each state is different. Tip Misconduct by a parent can lead to emancipation; if this is the case, and you need assistance, contact child protective services in your area. Step 2: Use a mediator Use a mediator to avoid involving the courts. A mediator is trained to help you and your parents communicate with each other and reach a mutual agreement. Step 3: Contact an attorney Contact an attorney specializing in minor emancipation if your problems are not solved with the help of a mediator. Tip Attorneys are expensive, but often can be found at low-cost rates or even pro bono. Check with your state’s legal aid office. Step 4: File your court case File your case with the court. The jurisdiction will vary from state to state, but in some cases, the circuit court will hear your case. Your attorney will help you with this step. Step 5: Present your case Gather your information and present your case to the court. Make sure you are specific about your reasons for wanting emancipation and include information about how you will care for yourself. Step 6: Get parents’ agreement Get your parents to agree to the emancipation. In many states, this is an essential part of the emancipation process. Emancipation means responsibility, so be sure you are ready. Did You Know? Did you know? Actress Drew Barrymore successfully petitioned juvenile court for an emancipation decree at the age of 15.
Views: 54887 Howcast
How to Operate a CB Radio
 
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Watch more Driving & Car Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/296960-How-to-Operate-a-CB-Radio Citizens band radios provide safety and company on the road, and can be more reliable than cell phones. Step 1: Tune in Tune in to one of the 40 channels on CB. Channel 19 is the preferred highway channel used by truckers, and channel 9 is the emergency channel. The CB's range is one to 10 miles, depending on weather conditions, time, and location. Tip It's possible to occasionally pick up conversations hundreds or even thousands of miles away, known as "skip" conversations. Step 2: Listen and talk Make sure the Mic Gain control is on maximum. Listen for a break in the conversation; depress the microphone transmission button, and then say "break" to let people know you're using the channel. Listen for clearance and begin speaking. Tip The signal meter ranges from one to 30, gauging how well someone is coming through and, perhaps, how close they are. Step 3: Use 10-codes Familiarize yourself with CB jargon, including the many 10-codes, which are abbreviations used by CBers. 10-4 means OK or affirmative, 10-2 means receiving well, and 10-3 means stop transmitting. Tip Create a "handle" – an on-air pseudonym – of your choice. Step 4: Close transmission Keep your communications brief. Close transmissions by taking your thumb off the microphone button. Step 5: Turn the squelch Turn the squelch knob up to cut off noise from a channel that is not transmitting. The more you turn it up, however, the more stations you will lose, starting with the most distant. Step 6: Use the ANL Turn up the Automatic Noise Limiter, or ANL, in heavily populated areas where there is more airwave activity. This will clarify incoming signals. Did You Know? Did you know? In 1976, Betty Ford adopted the CB handle "First Mama."
Views: 147138 Howcast
How to Protect Yourself from Stingrays
 
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Be prepared and watch your step in stingray waters! Stainless Steel Tweezers: http://amzn.to/1RwFHUf Sting Ray Guardz: http://amzn.to/1jRF4cS First Aid Kit: http://amzn.to/1Oocahc Hot Pack Medi-Pak Instant Chemical Activation: http://amzn.to/1QbTFtS Watch more How to Have Fun at the Beach videos: Death by stingray is extremely rare, but getting hit with their barb still hurts like hell — which is why you need to learn how to play footsie safely with these sea creatures. Step 1: Know where stingrays like to hang out – in shallow water along the ocean shoreline and near the mouth of a bayou. Step 2: Do The Stingray Shuffle. Slide your feet along the ocean floor rather than lifting them; it will prevent you from stepping down hard on a stingray – the most common way of getting stuck by the serrated stinger on its tail. Plus, the movement warns stingrays that you're in the area. Step 3: Consider wearing water shoes. If you do step on a stingray, your footwear may prevent the barb from penetrating. Step 4: If you're stepping into murky water from a boat, poke around with a stick before you set down your foot. Tip Invest in stingray guards or leggings if you do a lot of wade fishing. Step 5: If you do get stung and are bleeding, apply pressure to stem the bleeding and seek immediate medical care. Step 6: If the injury is minor, remove the stinger with tweezers, being careful not to squeeze it further into the skin. Clean the area with soap and water, and plunge it the hottest water you can tolerate for 30 minutes. Or, apply a chemical heat pack. The heat kills the venom that causes the intense pain. Tip Test the water with a thermometer before immersing the wounded area so you don't burn yourself. The water shouldn't be above 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Step 7: Have a doctor clean out the wound to make sure none of the barb remains in your body. Left-behind pieces will cause infection. Did You Know? About 1,500 Americans are injured by stingrays every year.
Views: 2258807 Howcast
How to Treat Heatstroke
 
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Watch more First Aid: When Nature Attacks videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/417655-How-to-Treat-Heatstroke Heatstroke occurs when the body is unable to cool itself. Knowing first-aid techniques to treat this dangerous condition could save a life. Warning Consult a physician for care and treatment advice if you suspect heatstroke. Step 1: Know heat stroke symptoms Know heatstroke symptoms. Look for a headache, dizziness, confusion, exhaustion, seizure, high body temperature, rapid heart beat, dry skin, and hallucinations. Step 2: Move victim into a cool area Move a heatstroke victim into a cool, shady area or an air-conditioned building. Step 3: Remove clothing Remove the victim's clothing. Apply cool water to their skin or wrap them in damp sheets. Place them in a cool bath if they are conscious and able to cooperate. Tip Accelerate body cooling using a fan to blow cool air across the patient's skin. Step 4: Provide cool drinking water Provide cool drinking water to increase hydration if the victim is able to accept it. Tip Offer sports drinks to replenish both fluids and salt. Step 5: Continue treatment Continue treatment until you verify with a thermometer that the person's temperature is 101.3 to 102.2 Fahrenheit. Step 6: Keep the person in a cool area Keep the person in a cool area and ask them to lie down with their feet elevated. Bed rest combined with re-hydration will get them on the road to recuperation and recovery. Did You Know? Heat waves result in more deaths in the U.S. than hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, lightning, and earthquakes combined.
Views: 83254 Howcast
How to Paper-Train Your Dog
 
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Top Rated Products for any Dog Owner: FURminator deShedding Tool for Dogs: http://amzn.to/1JBydfH Bil-Jac Little Jacs Liver Training Treats: http://amzn.to/1UrI76w Earthbath All Natural Grooming Wipes: http://amzn.to/1JykFiY Premier Gentle Leader Head Dog Collar: http://amzn.to/1FjRGxo Earth Rated® Green Dispenser with Dog Waste Poop Bags: http://amzn.to/1KI1IyE Watch more Dog Training 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/133498-How-to-PaperTrain-Your-Dog Dogs have to learn bowel etiquette much quicker than humans, and these helpful steps will make sure your paper-trained pooch becomes man's best friend, not your carpet's worst nightmare. Step 1: Be patient Muster your patience—heaps of it, if you're training a puppy. Puppies will have a hard time fully controlling their bowels and bladders for at least 6 months. Tip If the weather and circumstances permit, you can paper-train a dog at the same time as you're housebreaking her. Step 2: Install puppy gate Confine your puppy or dog to a small area—preferably one with an impervious floor such as tile or vinyl—by installing a puppy gate. Choose a part of your house where you spend lots of time, so your pooch won't feel lonely. Step 3: Line floor w/ newspaper Line the floor with plenty of newspaper. Tip Newspapers run out fast when there's a puppy in the house! Your neighbors may have a stash they can give you. Step 4: Set up training area Put the puppy's bed, toys, and food and water bowls in the training area as well. Step 5: Give her a treat Whenever your dog eliminates on the newspaper, give her a treat. The puppy will eventually equate doing her business on the paper with being rewarded. Step 6: Replaced newspaper Replace the soiled bits with clean paper. Your puppy might want to play with the nasty paper, so check from time to time that the entire floor is still covered. Step 7: Remove newspapers Dogs generally dislike going to the bathroom near where they eat and sleep, so they'll eventually begin to do their business in one specific area. Once your dog has been doing this for a few days, gradually remove all newspapers except in this area. Step 8: Let dog out of training area After the dog is reliably using only one small patch of newspapers, you can begin letting her out of the training area into other parts of the house. Step 9: Watch for signs Watch for signs that your dog needs to use the paper—squatting, circling, or sniffing the floor. You can then rush her to the papered spot. Remember that puppies need to eliminate frequently—about every 45 minutes. Step 10: Move on to housebreaking Unless you live in the top floor of a high-rise and have a tiny dog, paper-training is just the first step. Now you and your pet are ready to move on to housebreaking! Did You Know? A small dog that's been paper-trained can also be trained to use a litter box, which is helpful for homebound or elderly dog owners—or owners who like to sleep in!
Views: 165256 Howcast
How to Make Drawer Dividers
 
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Watch more Closets, Storage & Organizers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/315258-How-to-Make-Drawer-Dividers Here's a quick and easy way to get those messy drawers organized. Step 1: Measure the drawer Measure the inside height, width, and depth of the inside of the drawer. Step 2: Measure and cut paper Measure and cut the wrapping paper or contact paper to fit the inside bottom of the drawer. Adhere it with the double-sided tape. Step 3: Cut a strip of cardboard Cut a strip of cardboard to the inside length and depth of your drawer with the craft knife. Step 4: Cut slots Measure in one-third of the length of the strip from each side and cut ¼-inch wide notches through the bottom half of the strip. Step 5: Cut vertical dividers Measure and cut two more cardboard strips equal to the inside width and depth of the drawer. Cut ¼-inch notches at their midpoints, from the top down. Tip Wrap the three cardboard strips with more wrapping or contact paper, cutting out space at the notches. Step 6: Fit dividers together Fit the notches in the shorter cardboard strips perpendicularly into the notches in the long strip and fit the divider into your drawer. Step 7: Add dividers as needed Add or remove dividers as you need to, customizing the drawer for your needs. Did You Know? A study has shown that gift-wrapped items influence the recipient to have a more favorable attitude toward owning the gift.
Views: 759143 Howcast
How to Travel Alone
 
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Watch more How to Travel videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/370730-How-to-Travel-Alone Don't let the lack of a traveling companion stop you from seeing the world. Sometimes it's more fun to explore on your own. Step 1: Plan ahead Research your travel destination. Though spontaneity is one of the joys of solo travel, knowing a bit about where you're going is key when you don't have someone along to help figure out things like transportation. Pick a place that's not too remote or couples-oriented. Tip Less developed countries tend to be good places to meet other solo travelers. Step 2: Get a room Consider your hotel options. Less lavish accommodations are more likely to attract other single travelers who, like you, don't have someone to split the cost of a room. On the other hand, you may feel safer in a higher-end hotel. Whatever you decide, make sure to reserve a room for your first night in town, when you're apt to be jet-lagged and disoriented. Step 3: Travel light Pack only as much as you can easily carry by yourself -- preferably in one carry-on bag to minimize the risk of lost luggage. Leave expensive jewelry at home. Step 4: Stay in touch Leave your itinerary -- or at least a general idea of where you'll be -- with a few loved ones. Take a copy of your passport with you, and leave them a copy as well as your credit cards numbers. E-mail yourself numbers to call if your cards are lost or stolen. If you're traveling abroad, make sure your cell phone has international service. Step 5: Blend in Blend in with your surroundings. If you're in a foreign country, memorize a few key phrases and dress according to local fashion. Consider buying a few items that will help you look like a native. Step 6: Take a tour Take a walking tour, a cooking class, or some other activity; they're great ways to meet other travelers. Consult a newspaper about local events, or ask your hotel to help you make arrangements. Step 7: Eat out Don't be shy about going to restaurants by yourself and chatting with other diners and waitstaff; a great way to do that is by eating at the bar. Having breakfast at your hotel and snacking at outdoor cafes are also conducive to making friends while munching. Tip Though it's tempting to hide behind a book or scribble in a journal, you're more approachable if you forgo those things. Step 8: Stay safe Stay safe. Write notes and directions on index cards before you leave your hotel; if you must take out a map, do it discreetly. Avoid isolated areas and don't tell strangers you're traveling alone. Above all, trust your instincts. If something feels wrong, get out of the situation. Did You Know? According to a survey, 29 percent of leisure travelers took a solo trip in 2006.
Views: 67474 Howcast
How to Improve Blood Circulation
 
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Watch more How to Get Fit Fast videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/429894-How-to-Improve-Blood-Circulation Tingling or cold feet or hands, bluish skin, and cuts or wounds that take a long time to heal are all indicative of circulatory problems. If you suffer from any of these symptoms, there are steps you can take to improve your circulation. Step 1: Exercise Get some exercise. If you have a desk job, stand up once an hour and do some jumping jacks or knee bends. While you're sitting, tap your legs with your hands. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Tip Prop your feet up while you sit. Lean back and put your feet up on your desk for short periods of time throughout the day. Step 2: Drink right Drink lots of water -- room temperature, not iced. Water improves circulation. Cut sugary sodas and and alcohol out of your diet and replace them with water. Step 3: Eat right Eat lots of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. Cut saturated fats from your diet and eat moderate amounts of unsaturated fats. Limit your sugar and salt intake. Poor dietary habits can affect your blood flow. Step 4: Don't smoke Don't smoke. If you're a smoker, quit. Nicotine use is known to cause circulation problems. Step 5: Take warm baths Take warm baths. Soaking your body -- especially your feet -- in warm water can significantly increase your circulation. Step 6: Reduce stress Lower your stress. Find relaxing activities or hobbies. Cumulative stress can have an adverse effect on your blood circulation. Tip Enroll in a yoga class to relax and to exercise. Step 7: See a doctor See a doctor if your circulation problem persists. Ask about supplements, such as vitamins, calcium, magnesium, and omega 3 fish oil. Correct the problem naturally with herbs or other remedies. Poor circulation can contribute to the formation of a number of serious conditions, including diabetes and high blood pressure. Did You Know? Bone marrow produces about 95 percent of the body's blood cells.
Views: 149358 Howcast
How to Sue for Wrongful Termination
 
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Watch more How to Understand Legal Issues videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/258268-How-to-Sue-for-Wrongful-Termination Recently terminated employees may harbor ill feelings against their former employer – but not everyone has a case for wrongful termination. Find out whether you might prevail in court with this advice. Step 1: Know when regulations are on your side Know that you have a case if your employer has violated state or federal discrimination law, employment-related provisions in the Fair Credit Reporting Act or Bankruptcy Act, or the company's own policy. Step 2: Stand up for your rights Stand up if your employer fires you for reasonably exercising your rights under labor laws, participating in a union, or taking leave for military service or under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Tip Your employer cannot legally terminate you for refusing to break a law or for whistle-blowing. Step 3: Plan your exit Inquire about why you were terminated. Retain the company handbook and any records that may prove that your employer treated you unfairly. Become familiar with your employment agreement's provisions. Step 4: Weigh your options File a complaint, if appropriate, with the appropriate government agency, and/or file a private lawsuit. Step 5: File a complaint form Bring your complaint to the Department of Labor, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Step 6: Brace for a battle Recognize that the Doctrine of Employment At Will, which states that an employer can terminate an employee at will and without consequence, can make it difficult to prove wrongful termination. Tip Request and negotiate a severance package and obtain all severance agreements in writing. Step 7: Seek out an attorney Seek the advice of a labor law attorney sooner rather than later due to statutes of limitation. Lawyers often take winnable wrongful termination cases on a contingency basis. Did You Know? One study found that plaintiffs in wrongful termination suits prevailed at trial between 47% and 57% of the time.
Views: 48493 Howcast
How to Give an Effective Employee Evaluation
 
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Watch more Business Communication videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/415569-How-to-Give-an-Effective-Employee-Evaluation Annually reviewing office employees can be just as dreadful for the person giving the review as the one getting it. Follow these guidelines to make sure the process goes smoothly. Step 1: Prepare Prepare well for a performance review -- it's the best way to be successful. Be honest and thoughtful in preparing your evaluation and follow a preset rating protocol or measure performance against their job description. Tip Base your assessment on the employee's actual performance, rather than hearsay or a subjective view of their personality. Step 2: Create the right setting Schedule a time and place where you can have a conversation with the employee privately. Start the conversation with a friendly greeting to set both parties at ease. Tip Give employee evaluations on a set schedule, such as one month after hiring and then once a year at raise time thereafter. Step 3: Follow a format Stick to the prepared rating sheet when delivering your evaluation to keep your presentation from wandering off track. Step 4: Provide examples Provide examples whether the feedback is positive or negative. Citing examples such as, "Your complaints about our product turned away a client," is more helpful than just saying, "You have a bad attitude." Step 5: Make criticism constructive Turn criticisms into constructive advice by telling the employee how they can improve. Set new goals for them, if needed. Step 6: Finish on a positive note Surround discussions of poor performance with positive feedback to soften the blow. The best way to end a performance review -- from the employee's perspective -- is by giving a raise. If that's not possible, finish the conversation on a positive note that makes them feel appreciated. Did You Know? In 2009, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, over 4 million people worked as retail salespeople, making it the most popular job in the country.
Views: 43949 Howcast
How to Break a World Record
 
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Watch more Self-Help & Improvement videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328267-How-to-Break-a-World-Record Think you belong among the best of the best? Make it official with these steps. Step 1: Pick a category Decide on a record to break. Choose an event that already exists, or make one up. Be sure your goal is a measurable achievement. Step 2: Register your idea Go to guinnessworldrecords.com and click 'set a record.' Fill in your contact information, submit a description of your proposed record, and wait for approval, which generally takes about four to six weeks. Tip If your record can't wait six weeks, fill out a Fast Track Application, and pay a fee to get a response in three working days. Step 3: Review the process Review the information in the Record Breakers' packet you receive for guidelines on how to properly document your attempt. Tip Pick witnesses who are not your friends or family members, and who are preferably well-known, respected members of your community. Step 4: Train Train. Do full trial runs of your attempt to make sure you know exactly what to expect when the big day comes. Step 5: Keep in contact with Guinness Stay up-to-date on developments in your record category. Call Guinness the day before your attempt to make sure that no one broke the record while you were training. Tip Consider external factors like weather conditions when you plan to make the attempt. Reschedule if something isn't in your favor. Step 6: Meet documentation criteria Document your attempt according to the rules for your category. Have your witnesses fill out an official logbook detailing your attempt, or hire an official adjudicator from the Guinness website to verify your record on the spot. Step 7: Break the record Get out there and break that world record! Send in the logbook along with any other documentation. Then, wait for Guinness to approve your attempt and send you a certificate naming you as a world record holder. Did You Know? In 2009, Queens, New York resident Ashrita Furman simultaneously held 101 world records, giving him the record for most world records.
Views: 47783 Howcast
How to Deal with People Who Like to Start Arguments
 
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Watch more How to Improve Your Communication Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/259676-How-to-Deal-with-People-Who-Like-to-Start-Arguments Some people just love to argue. Since you won't always be able to avoid them, learn some techniques for defusing the argument and keeping the peace. Step 1: Understand people who like to argue Understand that argumentative people, especially if they tend to become aggressive, have a deep-rooted personal problem. They like to argue, and they like to win – period. Tip Unlike people who enjoy the mental exercise of debate, argumentative people argue because of the sense of power and control it gives them. Step 2: Be aware and engage defusing techniques Recognize that the person who started to argue with you may be this kind of person. Begin to employ defusing techniques. Step 3: Don't engage in an argument with them Don't get drawn into an argument or, if already drawn in, try to win it. You won't – at least not without causing the argument to escalate and possibly turn nasty. Tip Never let an argument become personal by using words that attack the person, and never say, "You are wrong." Step 4: Listen to them Listen to what the person has to say and don't cut them off, which will only anger them. Step 5: Show that you are listening and respect their view Use words that show you respect their views and repeat their main points to show that you are listening. Tip Some positive phrases to use are "I believe what you are saying is…," "I understand," and "Thanks for letting me know your opinion." Step 6: Use self-control and stay focused on the issues Use self-control and stay focused on the issues being discussed. Don't let the person turn the discussion back into a no-win argument. Step 7: Walk away If this person is determined to argue, say something neutral, like, "I'll have to give this more thought," and walk away. Did You Know? Did you know? Researchers have tied participating in high school debate teams with increased literacy and higher grades.
Views: 63049 Howcast